Stencil Painting

Stencil Painting  Craft How tos: stencil painting  : 

When you do stencil painting, you can decorate all sorts of surfaces, from walls to greeting cards to other customisable projects. You can use prefabricated stencils or you can make your own. Whatever the case, have fun playing with colors and materials!

  • To cut the stencil neatly: utility knife
  • To apply the paint: a paintbrush, a piece of sponge, a roller, your fingers, etc.
  • To hold the stencil in place:
    • Glue (often in aerosol form) called "restickable" or "repositionable" that allows the work to be repositioned easily.
    • or tape, but make sure that it's not too sticky!
  • A background: an object, some fabric, some cardstock, etc.
  • For the stencil:
    • cardboard or cardstock
    • or an acetate sheet when the pattern requires small, precise cuts
    • or prefabricated stencils, bought at the store or found in nature (such as leaves or shells)
  • Newspaper or a paper plate
  • Acrylic paint

Simple stencils for stencil painting

  • Draw your design on cardboard and then cut it out with a utility knife.
  • Fix the stencil in place over your work with some adhesive.
  • Dip your paintbrush in your paint.
    NB: Make sure your paint isn't too thin, because then it might run under the edges of the stencil.
  • Always wipe any extra paint from your paintbrush onto some newspaper or a paper plate. The brush should seem almost dry.
  • Apply the paint in the cutout sections of the stencil by tapping gently. If you want, you can create texture and color effects by using different objects to apply your paint (paintbrush, sponge, etc.).

Multiple overlay stencil painting

  • These stencils are used to make designs with multiple colors. Each part of the design has its own stencil. The superposition of different colors creates the finished design. finished design.
  • Start by painting the lightest colors in the design and work toward the darker ones, using the same method as with simple stencils.
  • Let your paint dry between the application of different colors.


This video (in French) illustrates the simple stenciling technique. Read the instructions below, then watch this for reference.

sent by vodeo

  • You can also use colour spray to give your creation a uniform look. You might find some having an golden or silver metallizing effect.
  • To create shadow effects, use the same stencil by moving it slightly : Start with the shadow, let it dry, then comb the shape by overlaping it with the shadow.
  • To have a rough effect, mix 1/3 of sand with 2/3 of coloured or uncoloured emulsion paint, according to your requested colour-effects.
  • If you want to decorate fabrics by the stencil technique, test previously their absorbability on some scraps of paper. You can use acrylic, aerosol or special fabrics.
  • You want to copy a design which has not the desired dimension? Use the functions "enlargement" or "diminution" of a copier !
  • For pros who want to keep their stencils for a long time: take a plaque made of polyphan paper which you treat with a pyrograph instead of cardboard.
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